Monday, 7 May 2018

Track 16 : Synthetic Biology

Synthetic biology is an emerging field that potentially offers an indefinite number of possibilities and potential applications. Synthetic biology pursues to make the engineering of biological systems easier and more predictable. Synthetic biology is characterised by a dual definition, aiming on the one hand to construct new biological parts, devices and systems, and on the other hand to re-design existing parts.

Track 15 : Structural Biology

Structural biology is a branch of molecular biology, biochemistry, and biophysics concerned with the molecular structure of biological macromolecules, especially proteins and nucleic acids, how they acquire the structures they have, and how alterations in their structures affect their function. Macromolecules carry out most of the functions of cells, and it is only by coiling into specific three ­dimensional  shapes that they are able to perform these functions. The methods that structural biologists use to determine their structures generally involve measurements on vast numbers of identical molecules at the same time.

Track 14 : Signalling and Cellular Decision Making

Cells sense environmental stimuli and use these to initiate appropriate physiological responses. Cells receive signals, perform detection and transduction with its biochemistry, and grow and die in the cell-environments. Understanding the cellular information processing in healthy and diseased states and engineering it through synthetic biology requires better insights into the relationship between different interaction motifs found in signalling networks and their potential roles in the ensuing system dynamics.

Track 13 : Mathematical and Computational Biology

For the continuing health of their subject, mathematicians must become involved with biology. The increasing study of realistic and practically useful mathematical models in population biology, whether we are dealing with a human population with or without its age distribution, population of an endangered species, bacterial or viral growth and so on, is a reflection of their use in helping to understand the dynamic processes involved and in making practical predictions.

Track 12 : Therapeutics/Pharmacology

Systems pharmacology has deep connections, conceptual and historical, to physiology and classical pharmacology, as well as to newer systems biology and omics approaches. Pharmacology is an inherently multi-scale discipline that seeks to integrate knowledge gained through molecular studies in simple biological settings. Systems pharmacology adds “vertical integration” to the existing discipline of systems biology and a strong commitment to studying drugs in humans.

Track 11 : Developmental Biology

Developmental biology involves original research on mechanisms of development, differentiation, and growth in animals and plants at the molecular, cellular, genetic and evolutionary levels. Areas of particular research include transcriptional control mechanisms, embryonic patterning, cell-cell interactions, growth factors and signal transduction, and regulatory hierarchies in developing plants and animals.

Image 2 Mouse embryo development
Track 10 : Systems Biology

Systems biology is concerned with the study of biological functions and mechanisms, underpinning inter-cellular and intra-cellular dynamical networks, by means of signal-oriented and system-oriented approaches. studies biological systems by systematically perturbing them, monitoring the gene, protein, and informational pathway responses; integrating these data; and ultimately, formulating mathematical models that describe the structure of the system and its response to individual perturbations.